The Significance and Importance of Elements in Diabetes Mellitus

Author : Arun Kumar D, Revathy K, Dhananjayan R, Rajeswari S and Swaminathan S

As of date, 104 Elements have been identified and 36 elements have been found to be essential for plant and animal growth and development. Human body requires about 10 Macro elements for structural growth and 6 trace metals are found to be essential for metabolism, all of which are interlinked to various types of Diabetes Mellitus (DM). Although trace elements constitute a minute part of human body, they are very essential for various enzyme activities. All enzymes will get activated only if metals are incorporated. Among various elements present in human body, Ca, Mg, P, Zn, Cu, Cr, Co, Mn, Se, and Fe play a significant role in controlling DM. Zinc is the trace element extensively studied in DM and reproduction. This review article is based on the various research findings done during the last 10 years and will certainly help research scholars to do further research in this field and to arrive at a set of laboratory investigations for elements linked to DM.

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