Problems associated with polyphrmacy in elderly patients in Kurdistan region/ Iraq

Author : Ahmed Omer Redha, Tavga Ahmed Aziz

Elderly people on multiple medications are at particularly high risk of drug related problems, which cause significant preventable morbidity and mortality. Evaluate the problems associated with polypharmacy in elderly. A prospective, multi-center cross-sectional study was performed to evaluate medication use in elderly persons in Kurdistan Region. A face-to-face structured interview approach, based on standardized questionnaires, was used in the study. The study shows that the prevalence of poly pharmacy in female is more than males. The distribution of chronic disorders is as follow starting from the highest percentage: hypertension, heart diseases and diabetes mellitus. Most of the patients are consulted about the use of their medication before dispensing which is afforded mostly by the physicians. The study sample showed many complications and adverse reactions such as falling down, memory loss, headache, constipation, and general weakness. Polypharmacy is a significant issue and little research has been conducted regarding the methods primary care providers utilize to assess polypharmacy. Better information needs to be provided to patients about the risks and benefits of drug therapy.

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