Prevention of emergence phenomena after ketamine anaesthesia: A comparative study on diazepam vis-a-vis midazolam in young female subjects

Author : Vijayabhaskar B, Madhusudhan T

The undesirable psychological reactions that occur during awakening in subjects who were given ketamine anaesthesia are known as emergence reactions. Diazepam and Midazolam are the common benzodiazepines used to combat emergence reactions associated with ketamine anaesthesia. The current study is aimed at comparing the anti-emergence action of the commonly used Midazolam and diazepam. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current prospective study was carried out at Government General Hospital Anantapuramu from January 2014 to July 2014 involving 50 young female subjects with an age group ranging between 16 to 30 years in two divided groups after obtaining the clearance from the institutional ethical committee. Results: All the subjects considered for the study were female. Mean age of the subjects in the Group-A was 24+/- 2.97 years while that in the Group-B was 23.72+/- 2.75.

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