Knowledge, attitude and practice on adverse drug reactions among healthcare professionals - A comparative study

Author : Nasr Khallafallah Nasr Elhidrbi, Mouaid Mohamed Eltayeb, Asavadi Divya, Uppara Veerendra, Mohanraj Rathinavelu

The world health organization (WHO) defines an ADR as any response to a drug which is noxious and unintended, and which occurs at doses normally used in man for prophylaxis, diagnosis or therapy of disease or for the modification of physiological functions. It is a prospective comparative study between rural and urban practitioners with an aim to assess KAP about adverse drug reactions among health care professionals practicing in Anantapur and Bengaluru. KAP questionnaire regarding ADR reporting and adverse drug reactions was prepared and validated by experts. Despite of invitation around 113 community pharmacists were attended the educational programme and among that 58 community pharmacists. The comparison of mean score (1.89, 2.74) of pre and post intervention results shows that there was a significant difference on knowledge with a p value of <0.001. As a whole there was a significant difference between pre and post educational intervention mean score (9.82, 12.89) on KAP about Adverse drug reactions and their reporting system in India. Based on the results of this study, it is necessary to offer continuous ADR educational program until we reach the point that voluntary reporting of adverse drug reactions becomes conventional and habitual among the healthcare professionals.

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