Drug utilization pattern of patients with bipolar affective disorder in a tertiary care hospital in India
Aim and Objective: To assess the drug utilization pattern of patients with Bipolar Affective Disorder (BPAD) in the Outpatient department of Psychiatry of a tertiary care hospital. Methods: It is a Cross sectional observational study (6months) carried out at the Outpatient department of Psychiatry in tertiary care hospital. Results: A total of 122 prescriptions were analyzed. Most common disease was found to be BPAD. Total drugs prescribed were 291 and majority was in oral dosage form. Average no. of drugs per prescription was 2, it was seen that out of 291 drugs mood stabilizers (26.14%), antipsychotics (29.89%), antidepressants (26.14%), anticonvulsants (1.37%), anti-anxiety (16.49%). Antipsychotics given orally were 87 of which Olanzapine 46 (52.87) found to be more than others. Antipsychotics in combination prescription with mood stabilizers, antidepressants, anti-anxiety which included Lithium, Divalproex sodium, Escitaprolam, Clonazepam respectively. Conclusion: BPAD is serious public health problems that is frequently under diagnosed and in adequately treated, studying and analyzing the prescription patterns seek to monitor, evaluate, and help the physician in understanding how the available drugs can be best put to use practically.
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