Biochemical and Phytochemical Activity of Stevia Rebaudiana by Using Ethanol Extract

Author : Sunitha V, Irene wilsy J and Reginald Appavoo M

Medicinal plants are to the oldest known health care products that have been used by mankind all over the world in the form of folklore medicines or traditional medicines or ethnic medicines. Even today, plants are the most exclusive sources of drugs for the majority of world’s population and plant products constitute about sixty percent of prescribed medicine The present investigation was carried out to estimate the biochemical and phytochemical constituents present in Stevia rebaudiana Bertoni. The results showed the bioactive compounds of carbohydrates, protein, and the activity of amylase enzyme was higher in dry leaves than the fresh leaf. The phytochemical constituents like alkaloids, tannins, flavonoids, glycosides, saponins, triterpenes, phenolic compounds and steroids were present and in catechins, coumarins and xanthoproteins were absent by using ethanol extract.

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