An overview of Bridelia Retusa Linn.

Author : Rupali B. Dhawale, Narayan N. Pawar and Yuvraj D. Adsul

Bridelia retusa belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae commonly known as asan or aghan found up to the altitude of 1000 M except in very dry region. The plant Bridelia retusa present in warmer part of India and whole plant useful in traditional system of medicines to cure different type of diseases. The bark of plant is tribal people used in treatment of rheumatism, antiviral, in snake bite and to produce sterility. The leaves, bark, roots and fruit contain different type of phytochemicals belongs to classes steroids, tannins, phenols, flavonoids, and saponins. The leaves are containing isoflavone having antifungal and antibacterial activities support use of leaves in ayurveda to treatment of wound and urinary tract infections. Chitosan flavonoid is isolated from leaves which showed analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities. The present study reported traditional properties, phytochemical pharmacognostic properties such as analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-microbial, antioxidant, hypoglycemic and immunomodulatry activities of plant Bridelia retusa.

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