An ephemeral review on alcohol intoxication

Author : Namilikonda Master Greeshma, Thota Karan Chandra, Nikhil Kumar Vanjari

Acute alcohol intoxication is one of the major condition which can also lead to fatality. Alcohol dependence and abuse can be seen in all age groups >18years, especially from 18years to 29 years. Fatal motor vehicle crashes and deaths are mostly caused by heavy alcohol consumption in addition to adverse health effects. Hypoglycemia, lactic acidosis, hypokalemia, hypomagnesemia, hypoalbuminemia, hypocalcemia, and hypophosphatemia are the clinical manifestations of acute alcohol intoxication. These harmful effects were primarily dependent on the frequency of alcohol consumption and the blood concentration of alcohol. Management of alcohol intoxication is based on drug therapy but social and psychological treatment is primary. Prevention and control of alcohol-related effects must be the main aim of the health department from primary care level which may reduce alcohol dependency, its adverse health effects and improve social awareness and responsibility.

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