An Overview of Chemotherapy of Tuberculosis: A Review

Author : Manoj Kumar Sarangi

Tuberculosis (TB) is a major global health threat in the current Era. The emergence of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and also multi drug resistant (MDR) and extremely drug resistant (XDR)-TB posses a vital challenge to the control of the disease. This literature review provides a brief discussion of existing drugs and emerging drug targets, and also of the advantages of incorporating modern drug delivery systems and immune modulators in order to improve the existing treatment regimen in terms of better efficacy, reduced drug administration frequency, shortened period of treatment and reduced drug related toxicity. The investigation for a new drug target is essential to continue the battle against MDR and XDR-TB. However, owing to the enormous cost and time involved in new drug development, improvement of the existing treatment regimen is seen to be a valid alternative.

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